By Moshe Sharon
"The kuffar (infidels) of
When Islam was checked at the walls of
In 1683 the armies of Islam besieged
Yet for the Ottomans, the Christian countries of Europe remained Dar al-Harb – "the
Jihad: Muslim believers against Christian "infidles"
Legally speaking, it defines the relations between the lands of Islam and the lands of the infidels. Infidels – in Arabic Kuffar (singular: kafir) – are all those who are not Muslims, mainly Jews and Christians. They are, therefore, regarded to be, both theoretically and effectively, in a state of war with the Muslims. This war does not have to be declared, since from the Muslim viewpoint, it is the only possible state of affairs between the two parties. Moreover, it is part of the divine plan. For after Allah sent Muhammad "with the guidance and the religion of truth" there was no other way but that "he may uplift it above every religion." (Koran, surah 9 verse 33) In other words, Allah made it incumbent on the Muslims, the Community of the Faithful, to subjugate the whole world and bring it under the rule of Allah. The fire of jihad, Holy War, must burn in the heart of every Muslim. It is a collective and personal duty; and every Muslim leader, particularly the head of the Muslim Empire, is obliged to pursue this duty and ceaselessly. Legally therefore, the appellation of "The Land of War" to
This legal outlook reflects the religious obligation to keep the Jihad, the Holy War always alive. Since no one can abolish this duty that is enshrined in the words of God in the Koran, it remains an open-ended condition. Similarly the
The emotional aspect of this religious obligation is an integral part of the way by which the relations between the Muslims and the kafirs where defined. The Koran and Islamic tradition taught the Muslims that their Community of Faithful is "the best nation ever brought forth to men," (Koran, surah 3 verse 110) and that the truth of their religion is the only perfect truth, and that they, as believers, are always on the right side, and the infidels are always wrong.
Europe the "
But Islam did not recover from the loss of
The offensive of the Ottomans against Europe in the 16th century, after destroying the last symbol of Roman Christianity in the east with the conquest of
Another political development that was viewed as a further, major setback to Islam was the establishment of the State of Israel. More than the loss in the 15th century of the Islamic land of Spain, the establishment of the State of Israel on Islamic land is regarded to be a double reverse of history because not only does it involve the loss of land but it also constitutes an unacceptable situation where Jews, who are dhimmis, rule over Muslims. This is defies the divine law itself. It cannot be tolerated and must be changed.
The other setback is the fact that
However, modern Muslim activists detected that
It should be noted again, that Islam is a warring religion and a fighting civilization. The Muslims left their mark on world history first and foremost in this military capacity. They can do the same in this age, changing their strategy and tactics, but remaining on the same course. The revivalist Muslim movements – the Iranian revolutionaries, the Muslim Brotherhood, al-Qaedah, the Hamas and the Islamic Jihad, to mention only a few, have discovered the weak links in the West's defense. On the one hand they have proved that terror, similar to that practiced by the Muslim assassins in the Middle Ages, can be much more devastating than the actual physical damage and bloodshed that it brings about. In one act of terror they succeeded in changing the government in
The Muslim jihad for the conquest of
Official Europe convened the Hamburg Symposium in 1983 to meekly acknowledge the importance of the contribution of to the creation of European civilization, and to encourage the study of the Arabic language and Islamic civilization in Europe, free from the (sound and scientific) "orienalist method" of research, namely in accordance with the Muslim traditional methods; concurrently encouraging the departure from the Judeo-Christian heritage and minimizing its contribution to Western Civilization.
This pathetic attempt to drive modern
Once again the "useful fools"
This idea has taken root not only in the minds of the "useful fools" from the European Left, but it has also found its way into the business and political community. Nowadays, more than ever, one can hear in all these circles and in the media (though covered up with laundered words) that the establishment of
Instead of paying attention to its steady conquest by Islam and the loss of its Western character,
Professor (Emeritus) of Islamic History and Civilization
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